Labour Force TrendsSkills in Demand and SurplusOccupational Profile

Labour Force Trends

Key Labour Market IndicatorsStatistics
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Total Population
    0.13 %
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Labour Force Participation Rate
    -2.95 pp
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Employed Labour Force
    -97,175
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Unemployment Rate
    3.47 pp
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Inactivity Rate
    2.95 pp
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Employment Rate
    -3.00 pp
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Employed and Trained
    0.00 %
  • 2021 VS. 2020 Youth Employment Rate
    -74.00 pp
Main Indicators2022202120202019201820172016201520142013
Total Population 2,736,4002,732,9252,727,4502,728,1252,728,3002,729,6502,725,2252,719,9752,713,925
Total Population 14 Years & Over 2,093,2002,090,6752,086,8252,087,4752,088,3002,088,7252,085,3502,081,3002,076,725
Labour Force 1,298,933733,1501,349,0001,336,8251,360,3001,352,9251,316,5751,307,7251,308,475
Male Labour Force 706,433733,150727,600720,875730,800729,250718,975715,025713,475
Female Labour Force 592,500625,850621,400615,950629,500623,675597,600592,575595,000
Labour Force Participation Rate 62.05%65.00%64.60%64.04%65.10%64.80%63.10%62.80%63.00%
Age Group2022202120202019201820172016201520142013
14-19 38,20038,47536,17533,65037,90040,95035,17534,65037,725
20-24 157,700169,925168,950167,300176,200174,525164,350160,575165,075
25-34 339,533357,750356,275353,150356,700354,400344,125347,200344,575
35-44 305,967319,325317,525317,850320,500318,725314,625314,175314,725
45-54 252,467259,000257,600255,875258,500259,575253,850251,750252,500
55-64 140,200145,075144,450141,750141,800139,475139,050135,475132,750
65 and Over 64,86769,45068,02567,25067,70065,27565,40063,65061,125
Qualification Profile2022
Trained Labour Force 
Untrained Labour Force 
Trained Labour Force (Certified) 
Trained Labour Force (Uncertified)  
Trained Labour Force (Certification Unknown)  
NOT STATED 
Industries2022202120202019201820172016201520142013
Agriculture, Hunting And Forestry & Fishing 191,500191,425192,725200,975201,100201,125210,125215,075210,650
Mining and Quarrying 5,6337,2008,0256,8505,2006,2756,6757,2256,850
Manufacturing 77,33383,15083,57583,97579,40084,80081,22580,82582,050
Electricity,Gas and Water Supply 9,60011,2756,9506,5255,9007,1008,9259,1508,900
Construction 121,067121,575121,850120,57597,800117,850106,900106,025107,250
Wholesale & Retail Repair of Motor Vehicle & Equipment 249,300258,050260,875261,825238,100263,975253,075252,875252,800
Hotel and Restaurant 106,933124,450122,300118,42599,200118,075110,125101,37599,125
Transport,Storage and Communication 61,60068,25076,17576,67577,10078,35079,90081,30078,725
Financial Intermediation 26,56729,12528,25027,17527,00028,02528,30027,50027,400
Financing Ins., Real Estate & Business Services ------------------
Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities 111,647100,00097,57590,90081,90083,15079,87573,20073,200
Public Administration and Defence,Compulsory Social Security 68,30070,85070,12562,35060,40063,07559,60060,30060,650
Education ----76,25073,82569,30072,52574,70074,80077,050
Health and Social Work ----36,12535,57530,80032,60035,92535,25036,700
Other Community, social and Personal Service Activities ----77,07574,65067,30075,62566,77564,85064,200
Private Household with Employed Persons ----64,42564,52556,90070,32566,75067,95069,300
Industry Not Specified (Incl. Extra-Territorial Bodies) 4,4333,3002,7004,5754,6006,5754,9255,7256,900
NO PREVIOUS INDUSTRY 23,4009,07524,00027,4253,10043,47542,77544,27546,725
Occupation Group2022202120202019201820172016201520142013
Professionals, Senior Officials and Technicians 276,767275,700273,525267,60017,393270,950271,900265,650259,250
Clerks 112,933110,375107,72591,75094,65092,975129,525122,075121,225
Service Workers and Shop and Market Sales Workers 294,900323,875317,575312,675312,925312,650264,325262,000267,175
Skilled Agricultural and Fishery Workers 188,533189,925190,275197,750201,700195,575202,475206,875205,025
Craft and Related Trades Workers 154,867164,475165,050165,125167,325163,675156,950155,300159,625
Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers 71,06773,12572,35072,80072,42572,25069,67566,62567,550
Elementary Occupations 168,400190,900191,900194,925195,975194,300176,100181,150177,200
Occupation not specified 8,0677,1006,6006,7756,2507,0752,8753,8004,700
NO PREVIOUS OCCUPATION 23,40023,52524,00027,42536,30043,47542,75044,25046,725
Source: Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN) labour force data
Note: Missing Industry data is due to the revision of the Jamaica Industrial Classification (JIC), replacing the JIC 1987 with the JIC 2008. This revision led to the reclassification of some industries.
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